FACTS: One another accessible to marry, thus they were married on August 30, 1990 at the Iglesia de Filipina Nacionalat Catagdaan, Pilar, Bohol.
On August 19, 1991, Lucia filed to the Ontario Courtroom (Standard Office) an excellent petition to have splitting up against appellant which was provided of the courtroom on January 17, 1992 and to take effect on February 17, 1992.
On October 4, 1992, appellant Lucio Morigo partnered Maria Jececha Lumbago at the Virgen sa Barangay Parish, Tagbilaran City, Bohol.
On September 21, 1993, accused submitted an ailment to have official report from nullity of wedding regarding the Regional Trial Courtroom away from Bohol, docketed as the Municipal Circumstances No. 6020. The fresh ailment seek (sic) among others, new statement out-of nullity from accused’s matrimony that have Lucia, on the ground you to definitely no wedding ceremony in fact took place.
ISSUE: Acquired Morigo must have recorded statement toward nullity out of his relationship which have Barrete in advance of his next y case.
RATIO: In idea from retroactivity away from a wedding getting declared gap abdominal initio, the 2 was indeed never hitched right from the start. https://datingranking.net/local-hookup/indianapolis/ The new deal from marriage is actually null; they holds zero courtroom perception. Taking which conflict to their analytical end, to have legal aim, petitioner was not married so you can Lucia at the time he contracted the wedding having Maria Jececha. The life together with legitimacy of one’s earliest relationships getting a keen important section of the newest offense out-of bigamy, it is however, logical you to definitely a conviction getting told you offense cannot feel sustained where there is absolutely no basic marriage to speak out-of. Brand new petitioner, need, perforce getting acquitted of your instant charge.
The present case is analogous to, but must be distinguished from Mercado v. Tan . . In the latter case, the judicial declaration of nullity of the first marriage was likewise obtained after the second marriage was already celebrated. We held therein that:
An official declaration off nullity from an earlier relationships is needed just before a following one can possibly getting lawfully developed. So it principle applies even if the earlier partnership is actually characterized by laws just like the gap.
It holds stressing regardless of if one for the Negocio, the first matrimony had been solemnized not only shortly after, but double: earliest just before a legal where a marriage certification is duly given immediately after which once more 6 months afterwards before a priest in the spiritual rites. Evidently, at the very least, the first marriage appeared to has actually went down, though later declared gap ab initio.
Throughout the instantaneous circumstances, not, no wedding at all is performed because of the a duly signed up solemnizing officer. Petitioner and you may Lucia Barrete just finalized a married relationship bargain on the individual. New mere individual act out-of signing a married relationship package contains no semblance to help you a legitimate relationship meaning that, means no official statement out of nullity. Such as for instance act by yourself, as opposed to significantly more, can not be considered to compose an ostensibly legitimate relationship wherein petitioner was stored accountable for bigamy except if the guy earliest secures a judicial report of nullity ahead of the guy deals a following relationship.
The law abhors an injustice and the Court is mandated to liberally construe a penal statute in favor of an accused and weigh every circumstance in favor of the presumption of innocence to ensure that justice is done. In things of introduce situation, i held one petitioner has not the full time bigamy. Further, we also find that we need not tarry on the issue of the validity of his defense of good faith or lack of criminal intent, which is now moot and academic.